The people

Tanzania

The country covers 947,303 km2 (365,756 sq mi). Got it’s independence in 1961, from British colony. 26/4/1964 the mainland Tanganyika united with Islands of Unguja and Pemba (commonly known as Zanzibar). However the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar transformed the name to Tanzania.

Tanzania is the 13th largest country in Africa and the 31st largest in the world. According to the 2012 census, the total population was 44,928,923. It borders Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. Tanzania is located on the eastern coast of Africa and has an Indian Ocean coastline approximately 800 kilometres (500 mi) long. It also incorporates several offshore islands, including Unguja, Pemba, and Mafia. The country is the site of Africa's highest and lowest points: Mount Kilimanjaro, at 5,895 metres (19,341 ft) above sea level, and the floor of Lake Tanganyika, at 352 metres (1,155 ft) below sea level, respectively.

Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Three of Africa's Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. To the north and west lie Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, the continent's deepest lake, known for its unique species of fish. To the southwest lies Lake Nyasa. Central Tanzania is a large plateau, with plains and arable land. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore.

Climate varies greatly within Tanzania. In the highlands, temperatures range between 10 and 20 °C (50 and 68 °F) during cold and hot seasons respectively. The rest of the country has temperatures rarely falling lower than 20 °C (68 °F). The hottest period extends between November and February (25–31 °C or 77.0–87.8 °F) while the coldest period occurs between May and August (15–20 °C or 59–68 °F). Annual temperature is 20 °C (68.0 °F). The climate is cool in highland regions.

Tanzania has two major rainfall seasons: one is short (October–April) and the other is long (October–December and March–May).

Wildlife and conservation
Approximately 38% of Tanzania's land area is set aside in protected areas for conservation. Tanzania has 16 national parks, plus a variety of game and forest reserves, including the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. In western Tanzania, lies Gombe Stream National Park, Mahale Mountains National Park where chimpanzees abound elsewhere.

Tanzania is highly biodiverse and contains a wide variety of animal habitats. On Tanzania's Serengeti plain, white-bearded wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus mearnsi) and other ungulates participate in a large-scale annual migration. Tanzania is also home to about 130 amphibian and over 275 reptile species, many of them strictly endemic and included in the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red Lists of different countries. Tanzania has developed a Biodiversity Action Plan to address species conservation.

People
The warmth, kindness, and generosity of the Tanzanian people is really remarkable. Perhaps due to their traditional background. 99 percent consist of more than 125 tribes of which large denomination are Bantu origin. Majority of inhabitance accepted Christianity and Muslims religions likewise indigenous religion and there is a small number of Hindus and atheists.

Culture
Tanzania is home to over 125 distinct ethnic groups, each with it is own unique history and culture. While the focus of a safari is often on the wildlife, Tanzania is rich in cultural history.

Some of the most unique and recognizable cultures in Tanzania include the:

Maasai
Members of this warrior tribe are a familiar sight on the plains of Northern Tanzania, often wearing the brightly colored rubega (Maasai blanket) that they are known for (and which regularly inspire fashion designers). Semi-nomadic pastoralists, the Maasai have traditionally been cattle herders, and their wealth and status in the community once related directly to the number of cattle they owned.

Hadzabe
Most of the tribes living in Tanzania today have moved into the modern era, or, like many of the Maasai, are blending a deep respect for their heritage into a modern life. The Hadzabe, though, are a tribe with truly ancient traditions.

That’s because the Hadza are one of the last hunter-gatherer tribes still in existence in Africa like San (Saan) bushmen of South Africa. About 8,000 members of the group remain, all of them in Tanzania, and between 200 and 300 of them live almost exactly as their ancestors have for thousands of years, hunting prey with bows and arrows, foraging for fruit, roots, and honey, and living in only the most rudimentary of shelters (or under the open sky during the dry season).